Powerfund Portfolios Trade Alert!

Powerfund Portfolios Trade Alert!

Trade Alert

August 25, 2023

One of the ETF holdings in our Conservative portfolio, the NightShares 2000 ETF (NIVM), was liquidated last week. For now, we're shifting the 5% allocation to cash via an ETF specializing in 6-month T-bills. This means we're transitioning from a no-yield cash position to an actual cash-like fund with a much higher yield.  ...read the rest of this article»

June 2022 Trade Alert

July 8, 2022
Powerfund Portfolios

We made some changes to our portfolios. The end result was a slight increase in stock and interest rate exposure by moving from shorter-term bonds to longer-term bonds, which are more sensitive to interest rate changes. This means that a 1% increase in rates equates to a bigger drop in price. We also made some changes to our hedging to protect the portfolios from an increasingly likely drop in higher credit risk debt, aka junk bonds. There just isn't the kind of selling from funds going on to mark a great buying opportunity even with the bear market decline. ...read the rest of this article»

Stock Funds1mo %
ProShares UltraShort QQQ (QID)16.73%
Franklin FTSE China (FLCH)8.59%
ProShares Decline of Retail (EMTY)6.19%
Invesco CurrencyShares Euro (FXE)-2.46%
VanEck Vectors Pharma. (PPH)-3.02%
[Benchmark] Vanguard Emerging Mkts Stock Idx (VEIEX)-4.43%
Franklin FTSE Japan ETF (FLJP)-6.97%
Vanguard Value Index (VTV)-7.91%
[Benchmark] Vanguard 500 Index (VFINX)-8.26%
Homestead Value Fund (HOVLX)-8.39%
Vanguard FTSE Developed Mkts. (VEA)-9.20%
[Benchmark] Vanguard Tax-Managed Intl Adm (VTMGX)-9.61%
Vanguard FTSE Europe (VGK)-9.95%
Franklin FTSE South Korea (FLKR)-14.11%
Franklin FTSE Germany (FLGR)-16.18%
Franklin FTSE Brazil (FLBR)-19.28%
Bond Funds1mo %
Vanguard Extended Duration Treasury (EDV)-1.42%
[Benchmark] Vanguard Total Bond Index (VBMFX)-1.50%
Vanguard Long-Term Bond Index ETF (BLV)-3.19%
iShares JP Morgan Em. Bond (LEMB)-3.31%

February 2021 Performance Review & Trade Alert

March 4, 2021
Powerfund Portfolios

February was another good month, for us and for global markets. Many fund categories which have lagged in recent years continue to beat the market. This has benefited our portfolios as we've been moving into these areas in recent years (and paying the price for it, lagging the increasingly tech-dominated market). With a balanced portfolio, we have managed to be in the performance range of the S&P500 while beating the Vanguard Star Fund (VGSTX) by a small margin.

Our Conservative portfolio gained 2.09% and our Aggressive portfolio gained 2.90%. Benchmark Vanguard funds' performances for February 2021 were as follows: Vanguard 500 Index Fund (VFINX), up 2.76%; Vanguard Total Bond Index (VBMFX), down 1.51%; Vanguard Developed Mkts Index (VTMGX), up 2.52%; Vanguard Emerging Mkts Index (VEIEX), up 1.65%; and Vanguard Star Fund (VGSTX), a total global balanced portfolio, up 1.87%.

Last month the top fund categories were energy, small cap value, natural resources, value in general, and many foreign markets. These hot returns boosted our overall performance, even with relatively low stock allocations compared to what we have in a bargain market. Vanguard Energy (VDE) was up 22.45% as everyone is suddenly sure that inflation and a booming economy are around the corner. Vanguard Small-Cap Value (VBR) was up 8.79%, mostly because value is coming back and small cap has lagged. It wasn't all roses, as Franklin FTSE Brazil (FLBR) was down 6.37% after some hot months. Vanguard Utilities (VPU) was down 5.54% as rates rose significantly.

The temptation is to sit back and let the dollars roll in. We should be somewhat insulated from the next slide in stocks, which will probably be in whatever sector was hottest over the last few years (sort of like 2000 and 2007). This could happen, but in all likelihood most stocks will drop when this market deflates eventually. There are many signs that the stock market is due for a slide, and not only from high valuations. High prices aren't a perfect indicator; in a boom, a large part of the gains happen in its last phase, and nobody wants to leave the party early. As noted before, low interest rates can support very high valuations because the alternative is bleak and debt financing can boost all assets.

More of a concern, by our methodology, is the number of ill-conceived new funds launching and the number of funds scoring high returns of two or three times the already high returns of the S&P 500 off the bottom. These hot funds are now bringing in tons of money. The financial press, never learning from the errors of the past and always focused on what people want to read about, not what they should read about, is featuring these new fund geniuses as having the hot hands for today's markets. This of course is how 1999 was before the crash in hot stocks: dozens of funds up 100%+ in a year, new funds with trendy strategies, and investors that could not get enough.

We're not quite at that level of pure speculative stock market froth, but there are enough signs (besides triple-digit fund returns over one year) to be wary. One hot new ETF family has brought in tens of billions on future wonder stories that include many companies with zero earnings and a crypto coin fascination. There will be a new ETF that invests in stocks popular in online chat rooms. There is the continuing absurdity of GameStop speculation. Tesla bought $1.5 billion in Bitcoin and then touted the move, juicing Bitcoin and earning a quick near-billion. A dead-end software company that has largely missed out on the last decade in software growth and an old bubble favorite from 2000, Microstrategy, decided to put all its cash in Bitcoin, then do two large convertible bond offerings paying almost nothing in interest to raise cash to buy more Bitcoin — in effect, converting to a de facto Bitcoin fund. This is the 2021 equivalent of 1999's 'add dot-com to your name and watch your stock go up' business strategy. Nobody seems to wonder what will happen to the company if Bitcoin tanks.

If it is not now the equivalent of March 2000, it is certainly mid to late 1999 and it is time to cut back before the music stops. We can't do much, for tax reasons, as our buys from the short-lived crash last year will soon become long-term gains.

One opportunity we wanted to take is to cut back on inflation-protected bonds, which have done very well from the crash lows of 2020, when inflation looked like a far-off land. Pricing was finally good in this area last year, so we jumped in and exited from almost all other bond funds — except for emerging market debt, which we added for some upside. As it turned out, risky bonds and inflation-adjusted bonds did well, so this worked out on both fronts.

Interest rates are now back up fairly significantly, considering how low they were recently, hurting regular bond funds. Inflation-adjusted bonds have done well, as they do when fears of inflation are rising. Unfortunately this cuts into future returns, because inflation now has to be above 2.25% for inflation-adjusted bonds to beat regular government bonds. Could happen, but the potential was much better when inflation expectations were around 0.6% last year. Plus, inflation-adjusted bonds won't do well if we get another stock crash, unless it is a crash based on rising inflation fears, which is possible in the shorter run. Typically, regular government bonds do the best.

The bull case for stocks from these levels is that we're on the cusp of an economic boom, fueled by those desperate to get out of the house and spend all the freely distributed trillions in government money. This may very well be, but stocks are already pricing this in and could just as easily fall.

Trade Alert

We placed a few small trades at the end of February in our model portfolios.

Conservative Portfolio

We added a 5% stake in VanEck Vectors Pharma. (PPH) as its relative safety and low valuations should keep this fund afloat in even moderately down markets.

We added a 10% position in an oldy but goody, Vanguard Extended Duration Treasury (EDV), to take advantage of the recent bump up in rates, hoping for some downside protection in the next crash. This is a very risky fund in the short run if rates keep going up. Long-term, much higher rates don't seem possible as there is just too much debt that needs low rates. The only real question is the rate of inflation. Lowish rates of under 3% on 10-year government bonds should be here to stay, with plenty of short-term volatility.

We sold our 26% stake in Schwab US TIPS (SCHP) because prices had gone too high, leaving little room for gains without truly massive sustained inflation of maybe 3—6% a year. Possible, but considering how easy it would be for the Fed to stop inflation these days, unlikely. There is a risk of the government running 3—4% inflation as the best way out of this debt mess, but even then TIPs funds won't do that well in the long run from here.

We added (FXE) at 10%, just to have something with some direct upside if the US dollar continues to fall. If foreign bonds paid much and didn't also face rising rate issues, we would not use this fund and would instead go with a foreign bond fund. There is also risk here that the rest of the world doesn't get the vaccine out as fast as we do, and that our economy is off to the races first.

We also added Vanguard Long-Term Bond Index ETF (BLV) to benefit from higher rates, though again there is a risk of losses as rates head upwards on fears of a booming economy and inflation.

We sold iShares JP Morgan Em. Bond (LEMB) even though we really want foreign bond exposure. This fund has too much credit risk for a downturn and we wanted to book our gains since purchase, which were substantial compared to safer bonds which have been very weak lately. Ultimately, if rates keep climbing, all these risky bonds will start tanking as the spread between safe and risky yields is getting too close already. In other words, who would own this fund at a 4.2% yield if 10-year US bonds start paying 3% (currently 1.5%)? Bottom line: all bonds have downside from here if rates keep going up because the spread between high-risk and low-risk debt can't get much smaller, and typically will get much wider if the economy or markets slip again. That goes double for convertible bonds linked to high-flying tech stocks.

We also did a limited amount of rebalance trades, which included selling some Vanguard Energy (VDE) after a hot run, as well as Franklin FTSE South Korea (FLKR), another outperformer, and Franklin FTSE Germany (FLGR) and Homestead Value Fund (HOVLX). You can use your discretion on rebalancing to our official percentage allocations and in non-IRA accounts. You may want to wait until you have long-term capital gains on these winners, to sell without offsetting capital losses.

Aggressive Portfolio

We boosted VanEck Vectors Pharma. (PPH) from 6% to 9%, for similar reasons for adding it to the Conservative Portfolio.

We switched to a new 2% stake in (QID), which is an inverse 2x, and sold ProShares Short QQQ (PSQ), an inverse 1x, to generate losses to offset sales and to increase our short position in the Nasdaq, which has dwindled as the market has risen. Avoiding tech and growth stocks here is the best overall strategy, but we will continue to short this high-flying area of the market to help protect the rest of the portfolio. Unlike in 2000, you can't simply buy 5% government bonds and sit out a possible train wreck. Hopefully, this 4% effective short position in the Nasdaq will offset losses in the stock market. There is a possibility that our picks remain mostly flat and only tech slides. If the economy goes back into shutdown mode and tech booms anew and oil stocks tank, we're going to wish we didn't make this adjustment.

We took a new 10% stake in Vanguard Extended Duration Treasury (EDV) for the same reasons that we added it to the Conservative Portfolio.

We cut Schwab US TIPS (SCHP) from 9% to zero, for the same reasons as in our Conservative Portfolio.

We cut iShares JP Morgan Em. Bond (LEMB) from 8% to 4% for similar reasons as in the Conservative Portfolio. But we kept some of this stake because it is a riskier portfolio and can handle what could be a rough ride. Plus, we have shorts in the portfolio which may take the edge off, so to say, and wanted to limit short-term gains.

There were a few rebalance trades where we didn't change the official allocation but got the holdings back in line with our target allocations. This was limited, due to taxes. Vanguard Small-Cap Value (VBR) saw a small sell and ProShares Decline of Retail (EMTY) saw a buy. Frankly, we'd probably cut back on Vanguard Small-Cap Value (VBR) more aggressively if not for the tax implications and our desire to drag out the momentum gains that may continue.

We really thought these trades could be put off until a year after our buying during the COVID crash. Unfortunately there is just too much speculation going on these days not to make some changes. We'll probably make more in a few months' time, after our buys become long-term capital gains (which are taxed at lower rates than income). In an IRA or other tax-deferred account, this is not relevant. In general, our hunch that stocks are due for a pullback is not a good reason to realize gains at a significantly higher tax rate, so close to the one-year mark.

Stock Funds1mo %
Vanguard Energy (VDE)22.45%
Vanguard Small-Cap Value (VBR)8.79%
Homestead Value Fund (HOVLX)5.86%
[Benchmark] Vanguard 500 Index (VFINX)2.76%
Vanguard FTSE Europe (VGK)2.58%
[Benchmark] Vanguard Tax-Managed Intl Adm (VTMGX)2.52%
Vanguard FTSE Developed Mkts. (VEA)2.43%
Franklin FTSE Germany (FLGR)1.97%
[Benchmark] Vanguard Emerging Mkts Stock Idx (VEIEX)1.65%
Franklin FTSE South Korea (FLKR)0.19%
Franklin FTSE China (FLCH)-0.58%
VanEck Vectors Pharma. (PPH)-0.90%
ProShares Decline of Retail (EMTY)-2.27%
Vanguard Utilities (VPU)-5.54%
Franklin FTSE Brazil (FLBR)-6.37%
Bond Funds1mo %
Vanguard S/T Infl. Protect. (VTIP)0.16%
[Benchmark] Vanguard Total Bond Index (VBMFX)-1.51%
iShares JP Morgan Em. Bond (LEMB)-2.39%


September 16, 2020
Powerfund Portfolios

We placed a few trades in both our model portfolios late on Friday, September 11th. The relatively minor changes were primarily to shift us out of some areas that had been hot and to add some lagging stock categories. ...read the rest of this article»

Trade Alert

April 7, 2020
Powerfund Portfolios

We executed trades in both portfolios on April 3 (just over one month after our previous trades on February 28th) to cut way back on corporate bonds and deal with the cash from a liquidated inverse 3x oil ETF that the fund company shut down on March 27. This ETF returned around 90% since our buy at the end of February and at least offset huge losses in our inverse gold miners ETF (which declined significantly even though gold mining stocks were down in March). So wild were the oil swings in March that at one point when the Dow was in freefall on March 19, we were up about 379% from our buy, which did briefly offer a performance offset to our declining stock funds. ...read the rest of this article»

Trade Alert

March 3, 2020
Powerfund Portfolios

We made some changes to both our model portfolios on Friday 2/28/20. And while there where quite a few trades, the overall risk level from the stock bond mix hasn’t really changed significantly, more so we changed the types of stocks and bonds we wanted to be in going forward in light of some recent swings. As it turned out though, it’s a pity we didn’t increase the stock allocation much because as of Monday the stock market has been staging an amazing rebound (or dead cat bounce… only time will tell!). But then it’s typical that the highest point gain ever should come after the fastest 10% drop from a peak. Tuesday is showing markets back in the red as an emergency rate cut isn’t working. It’s that kind of a market now… ...read the rest of this article»

Trade Alert!

January 9, 2016
Powerfund Portfolios

It was a rough-and-tumble 2015 - a year in which most funds fell. Very few total portfolios of bonds and stocks posted gains in 2015. We've made some changes to keep portfolio downside risk low for the time being, and we're taking some winnings off ...read the rest of this article»

Trade Alert!

March 18, 2015
Powerfund Portfolios

We're throwing open the windows, sweeping the floors, and tidying up both Powerfund portfolios with big spring cleaning trades in each. We're cutting back on a speculative short fund that's produced some of our biggest gains ever. We're waving goodbye to a fund we've held twice since 2003. And we're saying hello to a brand new position in an international bond fund of mystery - a fund category we ditched years ago when the Euro was riding high. Read all about it by clicking here. ...read the rest of this article»

Trade Alert

September 26, 2014
Powerfund Portfolios

Today we sold our two PIMCO funds in our Conservative portfolio (and the majority of our PIMCO fund holdings in our client accounts) and moved into Vanguard Mortgage-Backed Securities ETF (VMBS). ...read the rest of this article»

Trade Alert

August 19, 2013
Powerfund Portfolios

We executed a trade in both the Conservative and Aggressive Powerfund Portfolios on August 15th, 2013.  ...read the rest of this article»

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